Jun 17

New Materials Invented in 2018 that Could Change Our Lives

0 comments

Edited: Jun 17

1.Wood Sponge

the greener way to clean up oceans!

 

Now, this is a material with a weird name, but that all will be justified when you learn more about it. The Wood Sponge is a new material developed by turning wood into a stripped down version of itself by treating with chemicals.

The process results in the removal of hemicellulose and lignin, which leaves with a body of cellulose.

The reason why the Wood Sponge tops our list is that of its area of application – to absorb oil from water. Oil and chemical spillage has resulted in unprecedented damage to water bodies all around the world, and we have been looking for more efficient ways to combat it.

The research team led by Xiaoqing Wang wanted to develop a new absorbent from renewable material, hence wood. The result is a sponge that can absorb 16-46 times its own weight.

Also, it can be reused up to 10 times by squeezing out the absorbed oil. This new sponge surpasses all other sponges or absorbents we use today in terms of capacity, quality, and reusability.

 

 

 

 

2.The self-healing material

it does it without external stimulant!

This material we are going to talk about is still in its early stage, but its properties are better than what we have ever seen before. Hence, this is a material we are going to seeing more in the future.

It is a self-healing material is a polymer that can heal itself by using carbon in the air. The invention is from MIT chemical engineers. The materials can not only repair but can also grow or strengthen from taking in carbon from the atmosphere. The technology resembles how plants take in carbon dioxide to grow tissues and become stronger.

A material that can absorb carbon from the atmosphere as an obvious advantage when we consider its ecological impact.

According to the researcher, this is the first carbon fixing material to exist outside of biological beings.

 

3.The strongest bio-material

stronger than steel and its biodegradable!

 

The strongest biomaterial known to man was the Spider silk, which is pound to pound stronger than steel. Many types of research have made to either replicate this material on a large scale or even surpass the spider silk in terms of strength, but they weren’t able to recreate such a material.

However, recent research conducted by Daniel Söderberg from the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm might have broken the mold.

The team of researchers has invented a new material that can be touted as the strongest biomaterial ever produced. The best part of this material is that even though it is artificial, it is biodegradable.

Hence, it can be used as a great alternative to plastic and other non-degradable objects.

The material is made from cellulose nanofibers that are sourced from wood and plant body. The final structure has a tensile stiffness of 86 gigapascals (GPa) and a tensile strength of 1.57 GPa.

In other words, the new material is 8 times stiffer than a silk spider web.

New Posts
  • An updated analysis from OpenAI shows how dramatically the need for computational resources has increased to reach each new AI breakthrough. In 2018, OpenAI found that the amount of computational power used to train the largest AI models had doubled every 3.4 months since 2012. The San Francisco-based for-profit AI research lab has now added new data to its analysis. This shows how the post-2012 doubling compares to the historic doubling time since the beginning of the field. From 1959 to 2012, the amount of power required doubled every 2 years, following Moore’s Law. This means the doubling time today is more than seven times the previous rate. This dramatic increase in the resources needed underscores just how costly the field’s achievements have become. Keep in mind, the above graph shows a log scale. On a linear scale (below), you can more clearly see how compute usage has increased by 300,000-fold in the last seven years. The chart also notably does not include some of the most recent breakthroughs, including Google’s large-scale language model BERT, OpenAI’s large-scale language model GPT-2,  or DeepMind’s StarCraft II-playing model AlphaStar. In the past year, more and more researchers have sounded the alarm on the exploding costs of deep learning. In June, an analysis from researchers at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, showed how these increasing computational costs directly translate into carbon emissions. In their paper, they also noted how the trend exacerbates the privatization of AI research because it undermines the ability for academic labs to compete with much more resource-rich private ones. In response to this growing concern, several industry groups have made recommendations. The Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, a nonprofit research firm in Seattle, has proposed that researchers always publish the financial and computational costs of training their models along with their performance results, for example. In its own blog, OpenAI suggested policymakers increase funding to academic researchers to bridge the resource gap between academic and industry labs
  • StarckGate is happy to work together with Asimov that will be aiming to radically advance humanity's ability to design living systems. They strive to enable biotechnologies with global benefit by combining synthetic biology and computer science. With their help we will able to grasp the following domains better Synthetic Biology Nature has evolved billions of useful molecular nanotechnology devices in the form of genes, across the tree of life. We catalog, refine, and remix these genetic components to engineer new biological systems. Computational Modeling Biology is complex, and genetic engineering unlocks an unbounded design space. Computational tools are critical to design and model complex biophysical systems and move synthetic biology beyond traditional brute force screening. Cellular Measurement Genome-scale, multi-omics measurement technologies provide deep views into the cell. These techniques permit pathway analysis at the scale of a whole cell, and inspection down at single-nucleotide resolution. Machine Learning We are developing machine learning algorithms that bridge large-scale datasets with mechanistic models of biology. Artificial intelligence can augment human capabilities to design and understand biological complexity.
  • The use of AI (artificial intelligence) in agriculture is not new and has been around for some time with technology spans a wide range of abilities—from that which discriminates between crop seedlings and weeds to greenhouse automation. Indeed, it is easy to think that this is new technology given the way that our culture has distanced so many facets of food production, keeping it far away from urban spaces and our everyday reality. Yet, as our planet reaps the negative repercussions of technological and industrial growth, we must wonder if there are ways that our collective cultures might be able to embrace AI’s use in food production which might include a social response to climate change. Similarly, we might consider if new technology might also be used to educate future generations as to the importance of responsible food production and consumption. While we know that AI can be a force for positive change where, for instance, failures in food growth can be detected and where crops can be analyzed in terms of disease, pests and soil health, we must wonder why food growth has been so divorced from our culture and social reality. In recent years, there has been great pushback within satellite communities and the many creations of villages focussed upon holistic methods of food production. Indeed, RegenVillages is one of many examples where vertical farming, aquaponics, aeroponics and permaculture are part of this community's everyday functioning. Moreover, across the UK are many ecovillages and communities seeking to bring back food production to the core of social life. Lammas is one such ecovillage which I visited seven years ago in Wales which has, as its core concept, the notion of a “collective of eco-smallholdings working together to create and sustain a culture of land-based self-reliance.” And there are thousands of such villagesacross the planet whereby communities are invested in working to reduce their carbon footprint while taking back control of their food production. Even Planet Impact’s reforestation programs are interesting because the links between healthy forests and food production are well known as are the benefits of forest gardening which is widely considered a quite resilient agroecosystem. COO & Founder of Planetimpact.com, Oscar Dalvit, reports that his company’s programs are designed to educate as much as to innovate: “With knowledge, we can fight climate change. Within the for-profit sector, we can win this battle.” Forest gardening is a concept that is not only part of the permaculture practice but is also an ancient tradition still alive and well in places like Kerala, India and Martin Crawford’s forest garden in southwest England where his Agroforestry Research Trust offers courses and serves as a model for such communities across the UK. But how can AI help to make sustainable and local farming practices over and above industrial agriculture? Indeed, one must wonder if it is possible for local communities to take control of their food production. So, how can AI and other new tech interfaces bring together communities and food production methods that might provide a sustainable hybrid model of traditional methods and innovative technology? We know already that the IoT (internet of things) is fast becoming that virtual space where AI is being implemented to include within the latest farming technology. And where businesses invested in robotics are likewise finding that there is no ethical implementation of food technology, we must be mindful of how strategies are implemented which incorporate the best of new tech with the best of old tech. Where AI is helping smaller farms to become more profitable, all sorts of digital interfaces are transmitting knowledge, education and the expansion of local farming methods. This means, for instance, that garden maintenance is continued by others within the community as some members are absent for reasons of vacation or illness. Together with AI, customer experience is as much a business model as it is a local community standard for communication and empowerment. The reality is that industrial farming need not take over local food production and there are myriad ways that communities can directly respond to climate change and the encroachment of big agriculture. The health benefits of local farming practices are already well known as are the many ways that smartphone technology can create high-yield farms within small urban spaces. It is high time that communities reclaim their space within urban centers and that urban dwellers consider their food purchasing and consumption habits while building future sustainability which allows everyone to participate in local food production. As media has recently focussed upon AI and industrial farming, we need to encourage that such technology is used to implement local solutionsthat are far more sustainable and realistic instead of pushing big agriculture.

Proudly created by Starckgate 

© 2020 by Starckgate

  • White Facebook Icon
  • White Twitter Icon
  • White Instagram Icon